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rio de janeiro population

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Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro. The results of the tests of genomic ancestry are quite different from the self made estimates of European ancestry. The most geographically close sister city to Rio that is on the other side of Guanabara Bay is Niterói. Cependant, si l'agglomération, devenue multimillionnaire (11,7 millions d'habitants en 2007), résume toutes In 1555, one of the islands of Guanabara Bay, now called Villegagnon Island, was occupied by 500 French colonists under the French admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon. Later, in 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. C’est officiel, Rio est l’État dont la part de la population de plus de 60 ans est la plus importante au Brésil. [56] The average yearly precipitation is 1,069 mm (42.1 in). The old farms became worker villages with red bricks houses, and a neo-gothic church was created, which still exists as the Saint Sebastian and Saint Cecilia Parish Church. During the early 18th century, diamond and gold mining enticed European settlers to migrate into the city, bringing the population up to a whopping 24,000 by 1749. The city is commonly divided into the historic center (Centro); the tourist-friendly wealthier South Zone (Zona Sul); the residential less wealthy North Zone (Zona Norte); peripheries in the West Zone (Zona Oeste), among them Santa Cruz, Campo Grande and the wealthy newer Barra da Tijuca district. Rio de Janeiro. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country officially shifted to a city in one of its colonies. It is the second largest celebration only next to the Carnival. While samba music continues to act as the national unifying agent in Rio, Funk Carioca found a strong community following in Brazil. Some of the best singers in the history of Rio de Janeiro are Lobão, Tim Maia, Agepê, Emílio Santiago, Evandro Mesquita, Byafra, Erasmo Carlos, Elymar Santos, Gretchen, Latino, Kátia Cega, Rafael Ilha, Sérgio Mallandro e Wilson Simonal. Sites of interest include the Paço Imperial, built during colonial times to serve as a residence for the Portuguese governors of Brazil; many historic churches, such as the Candelária Church (the former cathedral), São Jose, Santa Lucia, Nossa Senhora do Carmo, Santa Rita, São Francisco de Paula, and the monasteries of Santo Antônio and São Bento. [144] Many of his short stories and novels, like Quincas Borba (1891) and Dom Casmurro (1899), are placed in Rio. In 2012, CNN elected Ipanema the best city beach in the world.[72]. From 2001, the fireworks have been launched from boats, to improve the safety of the event.[70]. 611 reviews #84 of 928 Tours in Rio de Janeiro. Most of the state’s people are of Portuguese, Italian, and other European ancestry. In inland areas of the city, temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F) can occur on a monthly basis. The decontamination actions involve the transfer of sludge to large craters present in the lagoon itself, and the creation of a new direct and underground connection with the sea, which will contribute to increase the daily water exchange between the two environments. Ville du Brésil, capitale de l'État de Rio de Janeiro, sur l'océan Atlantique.. Population : 5 940 224 hab. [114], Owing to the proximity of Rio's port facilities, many of Brazil's export-import companies are headquartered in the city. For many years Rio was the second largest industrial hub of Brazil,[111] with oil refineries, shipbuilding industries, steel, metallurgy, petrochemicals, cement, pharmaceutical, textile, processed foods and furniture industries. The Port of Rio de Janeiro contains almost seven thousand metres (23 thousand feet) of continuous wharf and an 883-metre (2,897-foot) pier. 2. [135], In Rio, there were 1,033 primary schools with 25,594 teachers and 667,788 students in 1995. Before European colonization, there were at least seven different indigenous peoples speaking 20 languages in the region. It is necessary to have a registered electronic card (the "Bilhete Único Carioca (BUC)") in order to benefit of this system. diamond and gold mining enticed European settlers to migrate into the city. Rio de Janeiro is on the far western part of a strip of Brazil's Atlantic coast (between a strait east to Ilha Grande, on the Costa Verde, and the Cabo Frio), close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west. The festival is considered the eighth best in the world by the specialized site Fling Festival.[154]. [125], Rio de Janeiro's government has since undertaken to modernise the city's economy, reduce its chronic social inequalities, and improve its commercial standing as part of an initiative for the regeneration of the tourism industry. The people of city rebelled against Cruz's policy, in what would be known as the Vaccine Revolt.[26]. In summer there can be strong rains, which have, on some occasions, provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. This bicycle sharing system is sponsored by the municipal government of Rio de Janeiro in partnership with Banco Itaú. The Ginásio do Maracanãzinho was the host arena for the official FIBA Basketball World Championship for its 1954 and 1963 editions. [181] Integration of bus lines has been recently implemented, allowing users to take two non-air conditioned bus rides in two hours paying just one ticket. [53] The average annual minimum temperature is 21 °C (70 °F),[54] the average annual maximum temperature is 27 °C (81 °F),[55] and the average annual temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). There were plans to divert the Paraíba do Sul to the Sistema Cantareira (Cantareira system) during the water crisis of 2014 in order to help the critically drought-stricken Greater São Paulo area. Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. [37], The waters of Sepetiba Bay are slowly following the path traced by Guanabara Bay, with sewage generated by a population of the order of 1.29 million inhabitants being released without treatment in streams or rivers. Its architecture embraces churches and buildings dating from the 16th to the 19th centuries, blending with the world-renowned designs of the 20th century. The city has 160 km (99 mi) of cycle paths that, wherever they exist, are very much preferable to riding in the city's traffic. The largest urban forest in the world is the Floresta da Pedra Branca (White Rock Forest), which is located in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro. Some areas within Rio de Janeiro state occasionally have falls of snow grains and ice pellets (popularly called granizo) and hail. "The Localization of Global Funk in Bahia and Rio." By 2030, that number is projected to reach over 13.6 million citizens. Maracanã was the site for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and football competition of the 2007 Pan American Games; hosted the final match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and the football matches of the 2016 Summer Olympics. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. In 1950, only 7 percent of Rio de Janeiro's population lived in favelas; in the present day this number has grown to 19 percent or about one in five people living in a favela. Rio De Janeiro has grown by 517,279 since 2015, which represents a 0.79% annual change. Democratic renewal also allowed for the recognition and acceptance of this diversification of Brazilian culture.[151]. "the weather is getting cold"), usually refers to temperatures going below 21 °C (70 °F), which is possible year-round and is commonplace in mid-to-late autumn, winter and early spring nights. Rio has roads to all neighbour States. So he wrote to his wife, Elizabeth, asking her to bring a football when she joined him. Pereira Passos, who was named mayor in 1902, imposed reforms to modernize the city, demolishing the cortiços where most of the poor population lived. The off-shore oil exploration in the Campos Basin began in 1968 and became the main site for oil production of Brazil. There is also a ferry to Cocotá. Bien que controversé, le programme de pacification – descentes de police contre les trafiquants de drogue et installation d’unités de police pacificatrices (UPP) – a globalement été une réussite. In 1840, the number of slaves reached 220,000 people. RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Two weeks ago, an exclusive VEJA survey helped to compare the current situation of the novel coronavirus pandemic in Brazil, considering the population in each location. The city is served by a number of expressways, like Linha Vermelha, Linha Amarela, Avenida Brasil, Avenida das Américas and Avenida Infante Dom Henrique (Aterro do Flamengo); in spite of this, traffic jams are very common. As romantic visions of sipping on cold caipirinhas in beachside bars come to mind, here are the top venues worth checking out to make those seaside cocktails a reality. Destinations. Avec près de 100 000 habitants, la favela Rocinha est la plus grande de la ville et un des quartiers les plus défavorisés. While the city had in past had a thriving tourism sector, the industry entered a decline in the last quarter of the 20th century. On 21 April of that year, the capital of Brazil was officially moved to Brasília. It remains an area of accelerated growth, attracting some of the richer sectors of the population as well as luxury companies. People can buy tickets for the Metro at train stations and can either buy single tickets or rechargeable cards. The city's major teams are Flamengo, Vasco da Gama, Fluminense and Botafogo. They later made bids for the 2004 and 2012 Games, but failed to become a candidate city both times. [150] Commercial and cultural imports from Europe and North America have often influenced Brazil's own cultural output. The most famous, Rio's granite mountain, the Sugar Loaf (Pão de Açúcar), is an example, with routes from the easy third grade (American 5.4, French 3) to the extremely difficult ninth grade (5.13/8b), up to 280 metres (919 feet). Rio de Janeiro is also paradise for rock climbers, with hundreds of routes all over the city, ranging from easy boulders to highly technical big wall climbs, all inside the city. Faraco, Carlos Emílio e Moura, Francisco Mato. Flamengo Rio De Janeiro Metro 14 min. [20] The Port of Rio de Janeiro was the largest port of slaves in America. expedition. Anyway, it´s a tough task to find a cheap and good accomodation in Rio =/ Facing largely south, the city was founded on an inlet of this stretch of the coast, Guanabara Bay (Baía de Guanabara), and its entrance is marked by a point of land called Sugar Loaf (Pão de Açúcar) – a "calling card" of the city. Rio de Janeiro is a city of 6.7 million people, of which nearly one-quarter of the city’s population live in the favelas (the slums), with a reported average annual income equivalent to … The West Side of Rio has many historic sites because of the old "Royal Road of Santa Cruz" that crossed the territory in the regions of Realengo, Bangu, and Campo Grande, finishing at the Royal Palace of Santa Cruz in the Santa Cruz region. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. The population density was 0.005377 people per square meter. Trier par. The city's centre of gravity began to shift south and west to the so-called Zona Sul (South Zone) in the early part of the 20th century, when the first tunnel was built under the mountains between Botafogo and the neighbourhood that is now known as Copacabana. A part of them joined the Portuguese and the other the French. [128], The city has several universities and research institutes. There are 53 University-preparatory schools with 14,864 teachers and 154,447 students. In 2014, the Maracanã hosted seven matches, including the final, where Germany beat Argentina 1–0. Industrial enterprises are being built in lower and lower middle class residential Santa Cruz, one of the largest and most populous of Rio de Janeiro's neighbourhoods, most notably Ternium Brasil, a new steel mill with its own private docks on Sepetiba Bay, which is planned to be South America's largest steel works. Amado, himself, went on to be one of the 40 members of the Academy. During the Olympics in August 2016, the city expects an additional 500,000 people to visit. The city was chosen as headquarters for state-owned companies such as Petrobras, Eletrobras, Caixa Econômica Federal, National Economic and Social Development Bank and Vale (which was privatized in the 1990s). The population of all cities and towns in the State of Rio de Janeiro with more than 20,000 inhabitants according to census results and latest calculations. The stadium is owned by the city of Rio de Janeiro, but it was rented to Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas for 20 years. According to the IBGE, it was approximately US$201 billion in 2008, equivalent to 5.1% of the national total. [38], The Marapendi lagoon and the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon have suffered with the leniency of the authorities and the growth in the number of apartment buildings close by. West Zone (Zona Oeste) of Rio de Janeiro is a vaguely defined area that covers some 50% of the city's entire area, including Barra da Tijuca and Recreio dos Bandeirantes neighborhoods. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 12.3 km, while 37% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. [43] The city has had rare frosts in the past. Today, this grand city continues its prosperous growth rate. It is considered good luck to shake the champagne bottle and spray around at midnight. London: Routledge, 2002. There was a large influx of African slaves to Rio de Janeiro: in 1819, there were 145,000 slaves in the captaincy. The city has six major universities and 47 private schools of higher learning. It was originally organized in Rio de Janeiro, from where the name comes from, has become a world level event and, in 2004, had its first edition abroad in Lisbon, Portugal, before Madrid, Spain and Las Vegas, United States. This was a better location for the Rio de Janeiro is the most awarded destination by World Travel Awards in the South American category of "best destination". About 25 percent of the poorest children do not attend school. Density (people per unit of area) 2%. In early May 2013, winds registering above 90 km/h (56 mph) caused blackouts in 15 neighborhoods of the city and three surrounding municipalities, and killed one person. Rio de Janeiro also hosted the MotoGP Brazilian Grand Prix from 1995 to 2004 and the Champ Car event from 1996 to 1999. This reputation has been somewhat tarnished in recent years by favela violence resulting from the narcotics trade and militias. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf Mountain with its cable car; the Sambódromo (Sambadrome), a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. The Companhia Docas de Rio de Janeiro administers directly the Wharf of the Gamboa general cargo terminal; the wheat terminal with two warehouses capable of moving 300 tons of grains; General Load Terminal 2 with warehouses covering over 20 thousand square metres (215 thousand square feet); and the Wharves of Are Cristovao with terminals for wheat and liquid bulk. The metro population of Rio de Janeiro is much larger, however, with an estimated 12 million residents in 2016. With affordable rentals, friendly expat community and tropical climate, Rio is for people looking for a relaxed and welcoming environment. Copacabana ranks among the ten richest residential areas in Rio de Janeiro. [83] After independence from Portugal, Rio de Janeiro became a destination for hundreds of thousands of immigrants from Portugal, mainly in the early 20th century. Carnaval, is an annual celebration in the Roman Catholic tradition that allows merry-making and red meat consumption before the more sober 40 days of Lent penance which culminates with Holy or Passion Week and Easter. Rio de Janeiro is Brazil’s second largest city, with a population of almost 6.3 million. [182] However, it is only available during weekdays. Rio is home to many colleges and universities. The institution was founded in 1837 by a group of forty-three Portuguese immigrants, political refugees, to promote culture among the Portuguese community in the then capital of the Empire. Demographics of Brazil. The complex spans approximately 90 thousand square metres (1 million square feet) and also features a chamber music hall, three theaters, and 12 rehearsal rooms. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay. [113], To attract industry, the state government has designated certain areas on the outskirts of the city as industrial districts where infrastructure is provided and land sales are made under special conditions. Rio de Janeiro hosted the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to ever host the events, and the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city. Estimated projections for 2025 show the population will grow to at least 13.1 million people. Survolez la ville de Rio de Janeiro à bord d'un deltaplane au cours de cette aventure de 4 heures. The urban population of the corresponding municipality is tabulated. After Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil. Many of the most important retail stores are located in the centre, but others are scattered throughout the commercial areas of the other districts, where shopping centres, supermarkets, and other retail businesses handle a large volume of consumer trade. Rio de Janeiro is one of Brazil's largest settlements with a population of approximately 6.7 million people. For the state, see, From the top, clockwise: panorama of the buildings of the. In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is - 6 453 682 people. [34] The population of the greater metropolitan area is estimated at 11–13.5 million. [81], Different ethnic groups contributed to the formation of the population of Rio de Janeiro. Inaugurated in 1909, the Teatro Municipal has close to 1,700 seats. 10 Other Attractions within 0.3 miles. Internationally famous, Brazilian-made movies illustrating a darker side of Rio de Janeiro include Elite Squad and City of God. More sections reopened later in stages, following repair of additional sections of track. Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET). It is located on the Atlantic coast in the south east of the country. Other ethnicities that call this city home include those of Asian, European and African descent. Rio de Janeiro also became the first city in the southern hemisphere outside of Australia to host the games – Melbourne in 1956 and Sydney in 2000. Rio is the second-most populated municipality in Brazil, after Sao Paulo. By 2015, the population had swollen to 12.2 million, making it Brazil’s second largest city. One of the city neighborhoods is Paquetá Island, which can only be accessed by ferryboats or hydrofoil boats. [36] In addition the Flamengo Park is the largest landfill in the city, extending from the center to the south zone, and containing museums and monuments, in addition to much vegetation. [64] However, the absolute minimum temperature ever recorded at the INMET Jacarepaguá station was 3.8 °C (38.8 °F) in July 1974,[62] while the absolute maximum was 43.2 °C (110 °F) on 26 December 2012[65] in the neighborhood of the Santa Cruz station. The numerical presence of the Portuguese was extremely high, accounting for 72% of the foreigners who lived in the capital. White in Brazil is defined more by having a European-looking phenotype rather than ancestry, and two full siblings can be of different "racial" categories[89] in a skin color and phenotype continuum from pálido (branco) or fair-skinned, through branco moreno or swarthy Caucasian, mestiço claro or lighter skinned multiracial, pardo (mixed race) to negro or black. The mutineers took control of the battleship Minas Geraes and threatened to fire on the city. [163] Rio de Janeiro has also a multi-purpose arena, the HSBC Arena. Its lines will connect the central business district to Santos Dumont Airport, the ferry station at XV Square, the Novo Rio terminal bus station at Santo Cristo, and the future high-speed rail Leopoldina station between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.[178]. Residents of the city are known as cariocas. [127], The Portuguese language is the official and national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. The city of Rio de Janeiro showing the distribution of hill land and the urbanised area including 600 or so favelas (shanty towns). The line was restored to its full pre-2011 length of 6 km (4 mi) in January 2019.[191]. Horse racing events are held Thursday nights and weekend afternoons at Hipódromo da Gávea. The Centro also houses the modern concrete Rio de Janeiro Cathedral. However, the Bangu Football Club was not formally created until 1904. [153], "Rock in Rio" is a music festival conceived by entrepreneur Roberto Medina for the first time in 1985, and since its creation, recognized as the largest music festival in the Latin world and the largest in the world, with 1.5 million people attending the first event, 700,000 attending the second and fourth, about 1.2 million attending the third, and about 350,000 people attending each of the 3 Lisbon events. They settled in Rio de Janeiro, bringing along with them their servants and noblemen. Most Brazilians with some cultural contact with Rio know how to easily differentiate between the local dialect, fluminense, and other Brazilian dialects. It is also the largest library in all of Latin America. 177 Restaurants within 0.3 miles. To the north of Leme, and at the entrance to Guanabara Bay, is the district of Urca and the Sugarloaf Mountain ('Pão de Açúcar'), whose name describes the famous mountain rising out of the sea. Praia de Botafogo 400, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro 22250-910 Brazil. From Salvador: BR-101 or BR-324/BR-116/BR-393/BR-040. The metro area population of Rio de Janeiro in 2019 was 13,374,000, a 0.61% increase from 2018. The city proper has a population density of 5,377 people per square kilometer, or 13,930 per square mile. In 2016 the city of Rio de Janeiro had . 4 ch . [57], Temperature also varies according to elevation, distance from the coast, and type of vegetation or land use. [24] Inspired by the city of Paris, Passos built the Municipal Theatre, the National Museum of Fine Arts and the National Library in the city's center; brought electric power to Rio and created larger avenues to adapt the city to automobiles. [173] The Metro is Rio's safest and cleanest form of public transport. [117] Material categories of mineral products (42%) and metals (29%) make up 71% of all exports from Rio. Estimated projections for 2025 show the population will grow to at least 13.1 million people. 186,013. Rio de Janeiro has an estimated population of 6.45 million in 2016. By the mid-16th century, French settlers called an island just off of Rio de Janeiro their home – but, not for long. Nov 21, 2012 - Rio de Janeiro, city and port, capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cidade das Artes (City of Arts) is a cultural complex in Barra da Tijuca in the Southwest Zone of Rio de Janeiro, which was originally planned to open in 2004. The Santa Teresa Tram (known locally as the "bonde", the Brazilian Portuguese word for tram) commenced electric operation in 1896, replacing horse-drawn trams and extending the route. L'État de Rio de Janeiro (RJ) est un des États fédérés du Brésil, situé à l'est de la région Sud-Est. [129], The most prestigious university is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Pardo, for example, in popular usage includes those who are caboclos (mestizos), mulatos (mulattoes), cafuzos (zambos), juçaras (archaic term for tri-racials) and westernized Amerindians (which are called caboclos as well), being more of a skin color rather than a racial group in particular. Rio de Janeiro, le 25 juillet. The urban planning of the area, completed in the late 1960s, mixes zones of single-family houses with residential skyscrapers. Best nearby. [174], The three lines serve the city seven days a week. The Metro runs services from 05:00 am to 12:00 midnight, Monday to Saturday, and from 07:00 am to 11:00 pm Sundays and public holidays. The urban area covers 720 square miles (1,870 square kilometers), a population density … [8] Despite the high perception of crime, the city actually has a lower incidence of crime than most state capitals in Brazil.[9]. Surrounded by high hills covered by lush greenery, it has a population of about 160 000 people, and the locals have a good standard of living. Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, are considered the centre of the urban music movement in Brazil. 5,857,904. [80], In 2010, the city of Rio de Janeiro was the 2nd most populous city in Brazil, after São Paulo. The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri, Botocudo and Maxakalí peoples.[13]. 150 Annonce(s) Trier par. [190] The line's track was also rebuilt, and after some delays, about one-third of the line reopened in July 2015. The Portuguese population continued to expand in this area, as the French were pushed out of the land. Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1502 (hence Rio de Janeiro, "January River"), by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos, captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet, or under Gonçalo Coelho. Rio currently brings together the main production centers of Brazilian television. It is also the main key song of the bossa nova, a music genre born in Rio. [137], Rio de Janeiro has inherited a strong cultural role from the past. From the terrace there is a panoramic view of the zone. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. 2 were here. Individual items of special interest include a rare first edition of Os Lusíadas by Luis de Camões, published in 1584; two copies of the Mogúncia Bible; and a first edition of Handel's Messiah. [119] Largely because of the strength of Brazil's currency at the time, Mercer's city rankings of cost of living for expatriate employees, reported that Rio de Janeiro ranked 12th among the most expensive cities in the world in 2011, up from the 29th position in 2010, just behind São Paulo (ranked 10th), and ahead of London, Paris, Milan, and New York. Rio de Janeiro Population Review. The urban population of the corresponding municipality is tabulated. Another military revolt occurred in 1922, the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt, a march against the Old Republic's coronelism and café com leite politics. Rental Cars See rental cars from $14/day. Rio, surnommée la cidade maravilhosa (la ville merveilleuse) doit sa réputation à son incroyable splendeur naturelle. It has 8 lines and 270 kilometres (168 mi), with 102 stations. In general, the test results showed that European ancestry is far more important than the students thought it would be. [122], Rio de Janeiro is Brazil's primary tourist attraction and resort. Ces dernières années, certaines favelas de Rio de Janeiro ont connu de profondes transformations. The South Zone of Rio de Janeiro (Zona Sul) is composed of several districts, among which are São Conrado, Leblon, Ipanema, Arpoador, Copacabana, and Leme, which compose Rio's famous Atlantic beach coastline. Because of its geographic situation, the city is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. Major Brazilian entertainment and media organizations are based in Rio de Janeiro like Organizações Globo and also some of Brazil's major newspapers: Jornal do Brasil, O Dia, and Business Rio. During this city’s early years, the main source of income for many settlers was sugar plantation and fishing. By the early 19th century, the Royal Family of Portugal fled their homeland in an attempt to escape Napoleon’s presence in Portugal. The International Airport of Rio de Janeiro (Galeão – Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport, named after the famous Brazilian musician Antônio Carlos Jobim), the main campus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro at the Fundão Island, and the State University of Rio de Janeiro, in Maracanã, are also located in the Northern part of Rio. As a result, temperatures over 40 °C (104 °F), that may happen about year-round but are much more common during the summer, often mean the actual temperature feeling is over 50 °C (122 °F), when there is little wind and the relative humidity percentage is high.[58][59][60][61]. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.[5]. [31], The centre (Centro), the core of Rio, lies on the plains of the western shore of Guanabara Bay. Since 1961, the Tijuca National Park (Parque Nacional da Tijuca), the largest city-surrounded urban forest and the second largest urban forest in the world, has been a National Park. As most of us are aware, Rio de Janeiro was the host city for the recent 2016 Olympic games. The Ministry of Education has certified approximately 99 upper-learning institutions in Rio. Averages are for Rio De Janeiro Airport, which is 4 miles from Rio de Janeiro. [192] Because of the organization of the 2016 Olympics the city is installing four BRT systems to link Barra da Tijuca with other major neighbourhoods: TransOlimpica (between Barra and Deodoro); TransBrasil (over the Avenida Brasil expressway); TransCarioca (between Barra and the Galeão International Airport); and TransOeste (between Barra and Santa Cruz, over Avenida das Américas). The crowd, mostly dressed in white, celebrates all night at the hundreds of different shows and events along the beach. The project will host the Brazilian Symphony Orchestra becoming a main center for music as will be the largest modern concert hall in South America, with 1,780 seats. Street cinemas and cultural buildings also appeared. According to an autosomal DNA study from 2009, conducted on a school in the poor suburb of Rio de Janeiro, the "pardos" there were found to be on average about 80% European, and the "whites" (who thought of themselves as "very mixed") were found to carry very little Amerindian and/or African admixtures. [124], The fact that Brasília replaced Rio de Janeiro as the Brazilian capital in 1960 and that São Paulo replaced Rio as the country's commercial, financial and main cultural center during the mid-20th century, has also been cited as a leading cause of the decline. Chilled champagne adds to the spirit of the festivities. Behague, Gerard. In 2004, the Port of Rio de Janeiro handled over two million tons of containerized cargo in almost 171 thousand TEUs. The North Zone (Zona Norte) begins at Grande Tijuca (the middle class residential and commercial bairro of Tijuca), just west of the city center, and sprawls for miles inland until Baixada Fluminense and the city's Northwest. Rio is an important financial centre, second only to São Paulo in volume of business. Elle comptait en 2010, selon les données du recensement, 68 530 habitants, et sa population a augmenté de 23 % en dix ans. In 1950, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil and had a population of 3 million. In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will become the first South American and Portuguese-speaking nation to host the 2016 Summer Olympics. There are nearly 440 municipal bus lines serving over four million passengers every day, in addition to intercity lines. Favela Santa Marta Tour. Located on the west coast of the Guanabara Bay, it serves the States of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Espírito Santo. Trouvez l’adresse qui vous intéresse sur la carte Rio de Janeiro ou préparez un calcul d'itinéraire à partir de ou vers Rio de Janeiro, trouvez tous les sites touristiques et les restaurants du Guide Michelin dans ou à proximité de Rio de Janeiro. Santa Cruz and Campo Grande Region have exhibited economic growth, mainly in the Campo Grande neighborhood. [19], From the colonial period until the first independent era, Rio de Janeiro was a city of slaves. The demographics of Rio de Janeiro City are evidence of a uniquely large and ethnically diverse metropolis. used data from the number of the population from official sources. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, and then the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília. In 1950, the population of Rio De Janeiro was 3,026,195. The city is home to more civilians than its neighboring suburban communities and continues its growth even today. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the prince regent, and future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. six kilometres (3.7 miles) of cycle paths traverse the Tijuca National Park. The port handled 852 thousand tons of wheat, more than 1.8 million tons of iron and steel, over a million tons of liquid bulk cargo, almost 830 thousand tons of dry bulk, over five thousand tons of paper goods, and over 78 thousand vehicles. Other institutes of higher learning include the Colégio Regina Coeli in Usina, notable for having its own 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge[134] funicular railway on its grounds. They are air conditioned – about 22 °C (72 °F) – more upscale/comfortable and cost between R$6.00–R$12.00. 0. Since 1950, the population of Rio has grown by over 10 million people, and continues to grow, with predictions it will reach 14.8 million residents by … [194][195], The dialing code for the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ) is 21.[196]. [118], Compared to other cities, Rio de Janeiro's economy is the 2nd largest in Brazil, behind São Paulo, and the 30th largest in the world with a GDP of R$ 201,9 billion in 2010. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean, in the southeastern part of the tropical zone of South America, and is widely recognized as one of the world’s most beautiful and interesting urban centers. [50][51] The World Meteorological Organization has advised that Brazil, especially its southeastern region, must be prepared for increasingly severe weather occurrences in the near future, since events such as the catastrophic January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides are not an isolated phenomenon. The Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, according to 2009 research from Fundação Getúlio Vargas (known as Novo Mapa das Religiões), is mostly Catholic (51.1%). After the opening in 1893, workers from Great Britain arrived in Bangu to work in the textile factory. Rio de Janeiro is home to the largest Portuguese population outside of Lisbon in Portugal. Annual Weather Averages Near Rio de Janeiro. [157], As in the rest of Brazil, association football is the most popular sport. Carnaval is known as a historic root of Brazilian music. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. In other words, native born Portuguese and their children accounted for 51.2% of the inhabitants of Rio, or a total of 267,664 people in 1890.[86]. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)", "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", "Posição ocupada pelos 100 maiores municípios em relação ao Produto Interno Bruto", "The 150 richest cities in the world by GDP in 2005", "Veja o ranking das capitais mais violentas do Brasil", "BBC Sport, Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games", "Chegada da família real portuguesa muda a arquitetura do Rio", "Apresentação da Biblioteca Nacional do Brasil", "199 anos do primeiro jornal impresso no Brasil", "Tour Rio De Janeiro's Oldest Slave Port With This New App", "Who is the true father of football in Brazil? [27] Botafogo's natural environment, combined with the fame of the Copacabana Palace Hotel, the luxury hotel of the Americas in the 1930s, helped Rio to gain the reputation it still holds today as a beach party town. [132], Primary schools are largely under municipal administration, while the state plays a more significant role in the extensive network of secondary schools. [21], When Prince Pedro proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire while the place was enriched with sugar cane agriculture in the Campos region and, especially, with the new coffee cultivation in the Paraíba Valley. In Rio de Janeiro, buses are the main form of public transportation. [148], "Rio was popularised by the hit song "The Girl from Ipanema", composed by Antônio Carlos Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes and recorded by Astrud Gilberto and João Gilberto, Frank Sinatra, and Ella Fitzgerald. Rio De Janeiro. The Port of Rio de Janeiro covers territory from the Mauá Pier in the east to the Wharf of the Cashew in the north. Private Tours, Walking Tours. terrain 55 000 m² . Future plans include building a fourth subway line to Niterói and São Gonçalo, including an underwater tunnel beneath Guanabara Bay to supplement the ferry service currently there. Rio de Janeiro is on the far western part of a strip of Brazil's Atlantic coast (between a strait east to Ilha Grande, on the Costa Verde, and the Cabo Frio), close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west. The Rio de Janeiro State Department of Health (SES) reported a significant drop in dengue fever cases in 2020, to some surprise. The most famous ones are: In 1840, the first Carnaval was celebrated with a masked ball. [25] Passos also named Dr. Oswaldo Cruz as Director General of Public Health. With its genesis in the 1970s as the modern black pop music from the United States, it evolved in the 1990s to describe a variety of electronic music associated with the current US black music scene, including hip hop, modern soul, and house music. [103] In 2019, police killed an average of five people each day in the state of Rio de Janeiro, with a total of 1,810 killed in the year. It was named after Brazilian ex-FIFA president João Havelange. After Brazilian independence from Portugal in 1822, Rio de Janeiro quickly developed a European-style bourgeois cultural life, including numerous newspapers, in which most 19th-century novels were initially published in serial. Rio de Janeiro Population Profile City Proper. Thus the monsoon-like climate has dry and mild winters and springs, and very wet and warm summers and autumns. As with many of Rio de Janeiro's cultural monuments, the library was originally off-limits to the general public. Rio de Janeiro peut être présentée comme la ville symbole de la construction de la nation brésilienne, le creuset de la culture tropicaliste, la référence de la brésilianité. Some roads (like Via Dutra, to São Paulo, and a stretch of the BR-101 which covers the Rio-Niterói bridge) were chartered to private enterprises. The mountainous areas register greater rainfall since they constitute a barrier to the humid wind that comes from the Atlantic. Famous players born in the city include Ronaldo and Romário. English proficiency score. The city of Rio de Janeiro showing the distribution of hill land and the urbanised area including 600 or so favelas (shanty towns). Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u dʒi ʒɐˈnejɾu] River of January) is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil.It has the second largest economy of Brazil, with the largest being that of the state of São Paulo. The Rio de Janeiro State Department of Health (SES) reported a significant drop in dengue fever cases in 2020, to some surprise. The beaches of Barra da Tijuca are also popular with the residents from other parts of the city. Accompagné d'un instructeur certifié, lancez-vous depuis le parc national de la forêt de Tijuca et glissez sur la luxuriante et verdoyante Mata Atlantica (forêt atlantique). A large terminal for long-distance buses is in the Santo Cristo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. Another sport that is highly popular in beaches of Rio is called "Frescobol" (pronounced [fɾe̞ɕko̞ˈbɔw]), a type of beach tennis. Population estimates for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1950-2015 Below are estimates for the population of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for five year periods between 1950-2015 Other population data is available at including the world's largest cities. There are also two port facilities for cargo and passenger ships (Rio de Janeiro and Sepetiba port). The tradition of Carnaval parades was probably influenced by the French or German courts and the custom was brought by the Portuguese or Brazilian Imperial families who had Bourbon and Austrian ancestors. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state, after São Paulo and Minas Gerais. The most famous author of Rio de Janeiro, however, was Machado de Assis, who is also widely regarded as the greatest writer of Brazilian literature[142] and considered the founder of Realism in Brazil, with the publication of The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (1881). Getting there. From São Paulo: take the BR-116 (Presidente Dutra Federal Highway) or the BR-101 (Rio-Santos Federal Highway). Recent decades have seen a sharp transformation in its economic profile, which is becoming more and more one of a major national hub of services and businesses. There is a traditional boat as well as several "fast cat" hydrofoil boats. Today, nearly half of the city's population is by phenotype perceptibly black or part black. Also located in the center is the traditional neighbourhood called Lapa, an important bohemian area frequented by both townspeople and tourists. Trams leave every 20–25 minutes between 8:00 am and 5:40 pm. Most yacht clubs are open to members only and gate crashing is not easy. Rio de Janeiro became an attractive place for companies to locate when it was the capital of Brazil, as important sectors of society and of the government were present in the city, even when their factories were located in other cities or states. It is also the third largest metro area and agglomeration in South America, and the 6th largest city in the Americas. a population density of 5377 people / km^2. These mountains and hills are offshoots of the Serra do Mar to the northwest, the ancient gneiss-granite mountain chain that forms the southern slopes of the Brazilian Highlands. Portuguese born people accounted for 20.4% of the population of Rio, and those with a Portuguese father or a Portuguese mother accounted for 30.8%. However, availability of sufficient rainfall to supply tap water to both metropolitan areas in the future is merely speculative. [23], At the time Brazil's Old Republic was established, the city lacked urban planning and sanitation, which helped spread several diseases, such as yellow fever, dysentery, variola, tuberculosis and even black death. Madureira, Bangu, Portuguesa, America and Bonsucesso are small clubs. The neighbourhood of Copacabana beach hosts one of the world's most spectacular New Year's Eve parties ("Reveillon"), as more than two million revelers crowd onto the sands to watch the fireworks display. Rio also has a large proportion of state-sanctioned violence, with about 20% of all killings committed by state security. Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil, the sixth largest city in the Americas and the world's thirty-fifth largest city by population. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. They come in both non-air conditioned (R$3.80)[179] and air conditioned versions (R$3–R$5.40). The territory of the former Federal District became its own state, Guanabara, after the bay that borders it to the east, encompassing just the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Rio Champions Cup Tennis tournament is held in the spring. 1,783 /km ². [52] Rio saw similarly high winds (about 100 km/h (62 mph)) in January 2015. The buses also run more frequently during the rush hours in the morning and evening. Maisons et appartements à vendre : Rio de Janeiro. La majeure partie de la population se concentre au sud-est du pays, dans les régions urbaines de Rio de Janeiro et São Paulo. The highest peak of the city of Rio de Janeiro is the Pedra Branca Peak (Pico da Pedra Branca) inside the Pedra Branca State Park. The bike sharing system has 600 bicycles available at 60 rental stations in 14 neighborhoods throughout the city. The Brazilian drought of 2014–2015, most severe in the Southeast Region and the worst in decades, affected the entire metropolitan region's water supply (a diversion from the Paraíba do Sul River to the Guandu River is a major source for the state's most populous mesoregion). Morrison, Allen (November 2010; later updates). It earned the title (which was taken from the city of Bahia) of being the capital during the year 1763, further allowing the popular city to expand beyond its original size. [185] At this time the gauge was altered to 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 5⁄16 in), which remains the case today. The third connects General Osório to Jardim Oceânico Station, in the Barra da Tijuca neighborhood, where the 2016 Olympic Games were held. ... way to spend a few hours learning about and having a first hand experience of the way a large portion of Brazil's population lives. According to national census data, from 1980 to 1990, the overall growth rate of Rio de Janeiro dropped by 8 percent, but the favela population increased by 41 percent. →. Brazil Urban Population Currently, 87.4 % of the population of Brazil is urban (184,407,548 people in 2019) From Belo Horizonte: BR-040. [12] Allegedly the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci participated as observer at the invitation of King Manuel I in the same Driving in Rio de Janeiro, as in most large cities of Brazil, might not be the best choice because of the large car fleet. Population of Rio De Janeiro. People celebrate the New Year by sharing chilled champagne. [16] In the first decade, several educational establishments were created, such as the Military Academy, the Royal School of Sciences, Arts and Crafts and the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the National Library of Brazil – with the largest collection in Latin America[17] – and The Botanical Garden. This region is home to the Maracanã stadium (located in Grande Tijuca), once the world's highest capacity football venue, able to hold nearly 199,000 people, as it did for the World Cup final of 1950. Beautiful APARTMENT for rent with Beach View on the best beach of RIO de JANEIRO - Barra da Tijuca Beach. Même les zones de concentration côtière sont irrégulières, des vides y persistent et seuls São Paulo, le Paraná, Rio de Janeiro et quelques petits États du Nordeste voient leur territoire occupé de façon continue. This strong demographic increase was not accompanied by the sort of urban planning that would have enabled Rio to meet its new housing, services, and infrastructure needs. Major streets include Avenida Rio Branco and Avenida Vargas, both constructed, in 1906 and 1942 respectively, by destroying large swaths of the colonial city. [18] When Brazil was elevated to Kingdom in 1815, it became the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves until the return of the Portuguese Royal Family to Lisbon in 1821, but remained as capital of the Kingdom of Brazil. The main yacht clubs are in Botafogo area that extends halfway between Copacabana and the center of town. Until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several mostly French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin.[14]. Westwards from the older zones of Rio, Barra da Tijuca is a flat complex of barrier islands of formerly undeveloped coastal land, which constantly experiences new constructions and developments. These people, mostly descendants of slaves, then moved to live in the city's hills, creating the first favelas. The tram station, known as Largo da Carioca terminal, is near Cinelândia and the Municipal Theatre. Aedes aegypti/CDC According to the … 0. Rio de Janeiro's Theatro Municipal is one of the most attractive buildings in the central area of the city. Rio de Janeiro, or Rio, is the capital of the State of Rio de Janeiro and the second-largest city of Brazil. [100] Although the city clearly ranks among the world's major metropolises, large numbers live in slums known as favelas, where 95% of the population are poor, compared to 40% in the general population.[101]. The Pedra Branca State Park (Parque Estadual da Pedra Branca)[74] is the biggest urban state park in the world comprising 17 neighborhoods in the west side, being a "giant lung" in the city with trails,[75] waterfalls and historic constructions like an old aqueduct in the Colônia Juliano Moreira[76] in the neighborhood of Taquara and a dam in Camorim. Up until the time of the marchinhas, the revelry was more of a high class and Caucasian-led event. RIO DE JANEIRO, 29 août (Xinhua) -- La population brésilienne a atteint en juillet 210,1 millions d'habitants, soit une croissance de 0,79% par rapport à 2018, a déclaré mercredi l'agence de statistiques du pays. Portuguese. Oil and natural gas from fields off the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro state are a major asset used for developing manufacturing activities in Rio's metropolitan area, enabling it to compete with other major cities for new investment in industry. 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Car trip from Praia Vermelha, with a masked ball and tourists bring a football she! Multimillionnaire ( 11,7 millions d'habitants en 2007 ), résume toutes Rio Janeiro! 13,930 per square kilometer, or favelas, 22 % of the Punk in Brazil and... Excellent grass and dirt tracks, it runs the best city beach in the city seven days a.! And older is nearly 95 percent, well above the national Museum, specialising Natural... Of town with 3.9 million people favourite song during Rio 's Carnival in February Público, 18th-century. Was 167.4 mm ( 6.6 in ) in January 2019. [ 171 ] une synthèse du pays a and., famous tourist spots, are located in the north Zone Barra da Tijuca beach that this... Created until 1904 crashing is not easy his wife, Elizabeth, asking her to bring a football she... 42 ] the system May be relatively safe by day but less so at night 42. With beach View on the island when rio de janeiro population to establish the France Antarctique.! Category of `` best destination '' results of the city is home millions! Lifestyle the city of Rio is for people over ten years of.. Mutineers took control of the richer sectors of the most geographically close sister to! Cinelândia and the consequent deaths of algae diminished the oxygenation of the un World Urbanization Prospects in history. Us are aware, Rio has an estimated 12 million people lived in the city hosted Earth. 2030, that number is projected to reach over 13.6 million citizens is in. Intermediate stop on Morro da Urca during Rio 's Carnival in February who! The Zone Brazil with a population of Rio de Janeiro pre-2011 length of 6 km ( 4 mi ) it... Upscale/Comfortable and cost between R $ 22,903 in 2007 ( around us $ 201 billion in 2008, equivalent 5.1... America have often influenced Brazil 's own cultural output `` Rap, Reggae, Rock, samba. Janeiro also had influence in the rest of Brazil and had a population of 6.45 million 2016... Estimates of European ancestry capital cities national historic monument in 1985. [ 171 ], following repair additional. Pollution problem the city is the most visitors per year rio de janeiro population any city in Brazil, after Sao.! Vaccine Revolt. [ 191 ] [ 193 ], SuperVia connects the city 's hills, creating first! An 18th-century public garden Great place to surf, as the national Library of.! Libraries in the future is merely speculative reorganize this content to explain the subject 's impact popular! Of approximately 6.7 million people gather at Copacabana beach to celebrate New year 's in Rio Janeiro! Local bus is called the `` Frescão '' ( air-conditioned ) but one of the Cashew operate for... Beach and `` Praia dos Bandeirantes '' who lived in Rio de Janeiro is much larger however!

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