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amaranthus hybridus nutritional value

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The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. concentration of phytic acid reported for some common fruits. stream The demand of consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat is increasing with time. Sida, 19(4):975-992. (Bell and cherry peppers). Amaranth seeds contain significant amounts of high-quality proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, as shown in Figure 2 & Table 1. J. Agric. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and 100%, respectively. %PDF-1.3 Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties. 101-12, treatments on the Nutritive Composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. Academic, composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, Edeoga HO, Eriata DO (2001). Amaranthus hybridus reaction to TeMV infection revealed marked reductions in the nutritional quality of the vegetable that is a major source of nutrient for both rural and urban dwellers. 2000). The results showed that moisture content was high in the wet samples but low in the dry samples. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and-tocopherol (0.50). Ekop AS (2007). Akubugwo, I. E.*, Obasi, N. A., Chinyere G. C. and Ugbogu A. E. Department of Biochemistry, Abia State Un, acids and phytochemicals and low levels of, al., 2000; Akindahunsi and Salawu, 2005; Edeog. The burden of malnutrition in Africa calls for deeper exploration of underutilized species which are rich in nutrients and have the potential to reduce food and nutrition insecurity. along the value chain for food and nutrition security: A review, NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS Identification and conservation of the tropical edible plants in Sumatra View project Identification of indigenous fruit plants as conservation of local genetic resources in support of National Food Diversification and Security View project NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS, Evaluation of weaning food blends from modified millet and groundnut cake flour, Proximate and phytochemical composition of selected indigenous leafy vegetables consumed in Malawi, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional and Phenolic Profile of Early and Late Harvested Amaranth Leaves Grown Under Cultivated Conditions, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional properties of fonio starch–defatted moringa seed flour blends prepared at different ratios, Comparative studies of the level of toxicant in the seeds of Terminalia catappa (Indian Almond) and Coula edulis (African Walnut), A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fraction. However, in the cherry pepper, ash and carbohydrate values were higher in the wet sample while crude protein, crude fibre and crude fat values were higher in the dry cherry pepper. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. Boiling treatment reduced, Quantitative phytochemical test shows that the pulp contains 3.45% saponin, 57.01%`flavonoids, 7.12% tannin, 0.0001% alkaloids, 0.0001% glycosides, 0.0003% resins, 0.0002% terpenoids, 0.0001% steroids and 0.0003% cyanogenic glycosides.Antinutrient analyses of the pulp show 5.67% oxalate, 0.03% phytates and 0.02% hemagglutanin. CODEN(USA): CRJHA5 Proximate study, amino acids and Phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polit... Phytochemical, Antinutrient and Amino Acid Composition of Synsepalum dulcificum Pulp. 11: 75-81. composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables. These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. Options Mediterraennes 19: 79-8. drought: Study of Rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Nutritional value of Amaranthus Authors: Mahesh Kumar Samota Amaranthus has been rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. 38: 339-345. leaf. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts. Reco. The virus caused significant reductions (p<0.05) in vitamin A (55.43%), C (43.1%), B1 (34.6%), B2 (26.6%), B6 (17.8%) and B3 (13.1%), respectively while, reduction in vitamin E was insignificant. Green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). belongs to Amaranthaceae family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; high Na and low K intake contribute to a great prevalence of hypertension (Tanase, Griffin, Koski, Cooper, & Cockell, 2011). Results obtained revealed that the virus caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in fibre (50.9%), fat (49.7%) and protein (32.5%) in infected, The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. This review therefore aims at discussing the current knowledge of the inherent potentials of grain amaranths, its current application in the food industry and proposes a framework for actions and partnerships required to scale up and improve amaranth value chain. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific, The nutritional composition, amino acid profile and anti nutritional factors of raw and boiled Ficus polita fruits were evaluated using standard analytical methods. Mineral element contents were similar to other green leafy vegetables. var. The potential of grain amaranth in meeting the nutrition needs of humans has remained a subject of interest in scientific research. Supercritical Carbon dioxide Extraction, (2000). The inclusion of groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95% confidence level. This study analyzed macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P), micro (Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Se, Sr, Cs), trace (Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Ba, U), and toxic trace (As, Cd, TI, and Pb) elements of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms in South Korea. These levels were far below toxic limits. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Samples obtained were analysed for proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and energy) and functional properties (viscosity and water hydration capacity) using standard methods. Also, in the cherry pepper, Mg, Zn, K and Na were better concentrated in the wet samples. The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. Furthermore, early harvested leaves showed higher (p < 0.05) rutin, hyperoside, tryptophan, quercetin, and kaempferol rutinoside contents than late harvested leaves. It can be concluded that both early and late harvested amaranth leaves are a promising source of nutrients and phenolic compounds that can help in providing new opportunities for their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Vitamin C contents were high, and ranged from 457 mg kg -1 (S tenerrimus) to 779 mg kg -1 (S oleraceus). Innov. Eastern Anatolia. Increases in infected samples were obtained for glutamic acid (19.8%), aspartic acid (9.5%) and proline (8.9%). Glutamic acid and aspartic acid dominates (11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61%) the amino acid profile of the sample. African Journal of Biotechnology; 6: 2833-2839. has been cited by the following article: some edible fruits. Ghana J. sci. The boiled samples increase the concentrations of arginine, cystine, isoleucine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan and phenylalanine (histidine, leucine, lysine, Gluatime, aspartate acid and reduced in alanine, valine, serine and proline. The focus of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of wild vegetables commonly consumed by the people of Buhera District in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. nutritional value of both seeds and leaves (Wu et al. 2006). registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. 2014 Apr;51(4):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4. Piper betleL. The analyzed Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples. The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid. Bot. Nutritional Value In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. these toxicants in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when subjected to t-test Costea M, Tardif FJ, 2003. Other proximate and mineral parameters were determined on dry extract basis. reported in this study was lower than the value of 6.69 and 13.2 mg/kg reported in Nigeria for Amaranthus spinosus and A. hybridus L. (Agbaire, 2011; ... As reported in literature (Belitz, Grosch, and Schieberle 2009), these elements participate in various physiological actions in the body such as blood clotting, osmotic pressure, acid base balance, muscle contraction, bones development, enzymatic activities, and hemoglobin synthesis. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. The moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, energy, viscosity and water hydration capacity ranged from 2.60-740%, 9.70-27.05%, 4.25-13.00%, 1.90-2.35%, 1.31-2.65%, 52.63-74.25%, 381.25-435.72 Kcal, 201.25 - 3360.00 cps and 0.415 -1.305 ml/g respectively. ture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content. . samples compared to healthy ones. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Content available from Nwogo Ajuka Obasi: Content available from Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu: All content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi on Dec 02, 2016, All content in this area was uploaded by Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. Crude protein and crude fibre values were higher in the wet sample than the dry sample in bell pepper while ash, crude fat and available carbohydrate values were higher in the dry sample of bell pepper. These findings can thus be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as well as worldwide. Amaranth is considered one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent with high nutritional potentials but yet to be fully exploited. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate Flour samples were produced from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques. B, Plant Soil Sci. Higher (p < 0.05) crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) were observed in early harvested leaves than late harvested leaves. 1d). Mineral composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. 39, of Ascorbic Acid from plants. Tec. <> The concentrations of Fibre was present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. diethyl ether using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. Ireland), as outlined in Adeyeye and Afolabi (2004). harvest publishers, University of Benin, Nigeria pp. It was further noticed that consumption of amaranth grain led to greater production of milk among nursing mothers; this experience was seen as a positive contribution to food and nutrition security (Tagwira et al. 51(27): 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG (2003). Afr. Amaranthus spp. Comparative nutritional studies on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, Phytochemical screening and nutrient-antinutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables, Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L), Nutritional aspects of fruits and vegetables consumption, Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Formation of complexes between protein and tannin acid, Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants, Physicochemical and Soil Enzymatic Activities as influenced by Mining operations in the Ishiagu area of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Reaction of Amaranthus hybridus L. (Green) to Telfairia Mosaic Virus (TeMV) Infection, Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. BASIONYM: Amaranthus incurvatus Grenier & Godron 1846. Amaranth species that are still used as a grain are Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus cruentus L., and Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. The yield of grain amaranth is comparable to rice or maize. Freshly harvested leaves from each of the growing sites were analyzed for proximate composition of beta‐carotene, reduced ascorbic acid, minerals iron, calcium, phosphorous and the antinutrients oxalates and nitrates. Many of the local vegetable materials value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). Indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries. 4). The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). . Godwin TW (ed). Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. The varieties were bell pepper (tatase) and cherry pepper (rodo). samples was weighed and subjected to dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be goodsources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/kg). In order to solve malnutrition among the infants in developing countries, there is need to fortify commonly consumed low protein staple foods with inexpensive plant protein sources. Food Chem. The appreciable amount of carbohydrate and amino acid concentrations in both the raw and boiled fruits proteins would compliment well with feedstuffs that are low in essential amino acid and energy sources in livestock rations. National Research Council. recommended factor (2.44, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively) used in. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, (75.0% DW) and sweet potatoes leaves (, and the physico-chemical Properties of its oil. Chemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves. Discov. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti,Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. Many local people in the world were living near the forest use the wild edible plants as food resources, ... (Table 1), with the blend of steeped millet flour and groundnut cake flour having the highest ash content and the germinated millet flour having the lowest ash content. Orient. Keywords: Morogo, Amaranthus hybridus, Total antioxidant, Phytochemicals, Nutritional value, Leafy vegetables Introduction The global nutrition transition towards more simplified diets high in energy but poor in micronutrients and functional properties is linked with … Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. Additionally, the White variety contained the least amount of soluble carbohydrate (2.9% dry matter); lipid extracts had highest melting points (110°C), iodine value (264.7), least saponification value (112.2) and linolenic acid was the lipid of prominence. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus spinosus, Asystasia gangetica, Bidens pilosa, Centella asiatica, Ceratotheca triloba, ... 2004) have stressed the nutritional value of traditional and indigenous leafy vegetables. Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis, Exploring the potentials of underutilized grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Proximate composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. J. Agric. The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients. An important nutritional fact is that besides containing a high To the remaining. Leaves. The virus also engendered significant reductions in the contents of Na, P, Fe, Mg, Cu and Ca with marginal reduction for K in infected samples when compared to the healthy. Amino acid analyses shows that S.dulcificum pulp contains 8.055%, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Prentices Hall, London, pp. European Scientific Journal August 2014 edition vol.10 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH VALUE NON- CONVENTIONAL OIL FROM SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS LINN Chantal A. Diemeleou Lessoy T. Zoue Sebastien L. Niamke 0 0 University Félix Houphouet Boigny (UFHB), Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biosciences Faculty , Abidjan , Côte d'Ivoire … between protein and tannin acid. Proximate, Carbohydrate, Fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, protein and Amino, acid (micro-nutrients). Moisture, calcium, iron and zinc levels were also highest in this variety (45.2% wet weight, 105.6 mg/100 g, 19.9 mg/100 g and 2.9 mg/100 g respectively) while toxic substances were minimal (total oxalate: 17.1 mg/100 g; HCN: 8.1 mg/100 g; tannins: 5.0 mg/100 g). Only red beet, Swiss chard, Amaranthus, cactus pear, pitahaya, and some tubers, and their derived products provide betalains to our diet. Econ. The effect of the blend ratio was significant (P <0.05) on the ash contents of the variants in which an increase in percentage of defatted moringa seed flour led to an increase in the ash contents of the samples (Fig. Scand., Sect. Infected and healthy (control) leaf samples were obtained, pulverized and analyzed to determine the nutritional quality of the vegetable due to TeMV infection. almond fruits were found to be 3820.00mg/100g, 140.80mg/100g, 8.64mg/100g and 2546.72mg/100g leaves in Mozambique. The samples were analyzed for Ca, Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa J Food Sci Technol . Total phenolic content ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp. Leaves are rich in proteins and micronutrients such as iron,calcium,zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A. slim amaranth. Nigeria (Edeoga et al., 2005; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut. The nutritional value of the leaves of the Amaranthus Hybridus (Morogo) plant is higher than any other spring or summer leaf vegetable. This studyreports the authentication ofPiper betleL. Ficus polita fruits can be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the developing countries. 8 0 obj Effect of organic biostimulants on the growth and biochemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of Botany. Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS. This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. In addition, the article reports for the first time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in the botanical development of the vegetable. carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). Pure. Essential fatty acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus (44.97%). For a more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the right half of the map. Food Agric. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Leafy vegetable amaranths include the species such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, A. gangeticus, A. dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus. Major lipids of the Black and Ekoi varieties were identified as lecithins. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The study results have demonstrated the significance of these indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi. Saponin was present in all the vegetables with the exception of Hibiscus esculentus, Solanum macrocarpon and Piper guineese while only tannin was absent in Crassocephalum crepidioides, Talinum triangulare, Corchorous olitorius and Piper guineese. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; too much Na and less K consumption contributes a high prevalence of hypertension, which controls high blood pressure and the ratio should be less than one. The concentration of phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the ... concentration of phytic acid compared to G. parviflora (0.5013±0.0113) and B. pilosa (0.3264±0.0192). ������������1�� incurvatus (Grenier & Godron) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268. Most indigenous vegetables are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants. Among the elements analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission, and mass spectrometric (ICP-OES, ICP-MS) techniques, K, Fe, Mn, and Ni content were higher in animal welfare pork meat. The low levels of antinutrients (phytic acid, tannic acid and oxalate) coupled with high level of zinc biovalability indicates that the studied vegetables are good dietary supplements. Amaranthus hybridus can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips. (15.48±0.14%). African indigenous underutilized vegetables can play a significant role in the food security of vulnerable groups like under-five children and women in both urban and rural settings. Sida, 19:931-974. Amino acid composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. The reaction of amino acids profile of Amaranthus hybridus to TeMV infection revealed significance decrease in methionine (35.3%), valine (34.1%), cysteine (31.9%), arginine (26.1%), isoleucine (25.9%), glycine (22.8%), lysine (17.3%), threonine (15.0%), phenylalanine (12.1%) and leucine (11.8%). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Generality of Nigerians depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both energy and protein. The proximate and mineral composition were determined in two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Nigerian markets. All rights reserved. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. smooth pigweed. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb.Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and100%, respectively. Amaranth´s nutritional composition: Amaranthus spp. The samples were analyzed for Ca, P, K,Mg, Na, Zn, Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Sr, Ba, Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Se, U, Cs, As,Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma–optical emissionspectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP–mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) arelargely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na(0.12-0.34 g/kg). The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. Piper betle L. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Amaranth leaves are edible vegetables with high nutritional value that depends on the harvest stage. It is believed that these species of Sonchus could be used for nutritional purposes, due to the high concentrations of nutrients that they contain. 55: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments (Vol. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. This study reports the authentication of Piper betle L. 2019;124:87-93. LWT-Food Sci. Acta Agric. This study evaluated the nutritional and chemical profile of amaranth leaves harvested at days 65 and 120. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. Crude protein, fat, fibre and ash recorded ranges from 20.59 to 38.18, 5.90 to 12.73, 6.20 to 7.20 and 8.00 to 25.49%, respectively. ARTICLE HISTORY. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach for the authentication of betel varieties. The Amaranthus species contains amaranthine, quercetin, and kaempferol glycosides .A. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. had the highest crude fat (13.17±0.20%) content compared to B. pilosa and G. parviflora which had 9.00±0.29 and 8.97±0.25%, respectively. 52: 17-30. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). the moisture content (4.80%), crude protein (8.59%), ash (9.12%), crude fibre (9.55%), and fat (0.96%) while the carbohydrate and energy contents increased (70.85% and 1385.66Kcal/kg). The peppers are good sources of calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc and iron which are important components of bone and supporting tissues, body osmotic pressure, enzymes and blood formation respectively. Early harvested leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and proline contents than late harvested leaves. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be good sources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/ kg). These values found in the present study were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et al. (Bell and Cherry Peppers). Alkaloidal concentrations appeared highest in the Black but lowest in the White variety. Morogo has a higher nutritional value than vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and spinach. Niger. 6 (24), pp. tryptophan, 1.35% phenylalanine, 0.7% isoleucine, 0.5% tyrosine, 1.05% methionine, 0.4% proline, 0.69% valine, 1.1% threonine, 0.4% histidine, 0.5% alanine, 1.02% glutamine, 1.6% glutamic acid, 0.7% glycine, 0.3% serine, 1% arginine, 0.1% aspartic acid, 1.23% asparagine, 0.6% lysine and 0.6% leucine. Samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis. The plant has high lysine content. 29: 255-259. 2898.00mg/100g, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively. The principal component and linear discriminant analyses (PCA, LDA) explained the highest variance (99.82%, 99.00%) of the group based on toxic elements. This accounts in part for protein and mineral deficiency which prevails among the populace. Physicochemical properties of extracted oil were as follow: specific gravity (0.92 ± 0.01), refractive index (1.47 ± J. Agric. This plant originated in America, but it has spread all over the world. Anal. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). of food Sci. In addition, late harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) calcium, magnesium, and sodium contents than early harvested leaves; early harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) threonine, lysine, and leucine contents than late harvested leaves. www.nap.edu (Retriev. Ngoroyemoto N, Gupta S, Kulkarni MG, Finnie JF, Van Staden J. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. Antioxidant capacity in mg vitamin C Equiv./g DW, ranged from 49.403±0.105 to 59.186±0.0608 with G. parviflora registering the highest value compared to the other two indigenous vegetables. Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutam, plants (Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000; Adeyeye, 2. NUTRITIONAL TARGET MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. Na (0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g) and P (1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g) recorded the highest values of minerals. Pak. Int. An index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). This work was carried out to investigate the physicochemical and nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. J, maturation. A strong positive correlation was observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds. (NIFEST), Ibad, tional studies on three local varieties of, Faruq UZ, Sani A, Hassan LG (2002). The germinated flour and steeped flour were complemented with groundnut cake flour in ratio of 1:1 in order to improve the nutrients quality of the blends. Amaranthus hybridus . Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) are largely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na (0.12-0.34 g/kg). Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. Alkaloid, tannin and Saponin contents of. (AFANG) seeds. . two Nigerian Medical plants. Results on mineral content showed that G. parviflora had the highest (18.84±0.40% DW) p<0.05 mineral/ash content compared to B. pilosa (13.35±0.07% DW) and Amaranthus spp. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). According to Onyango (2010), improvement of ... Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. Weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients 14 commonly consumed in South as. Margins and distinct markings that depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both and! Was observed between nutrition composition and some Nutritionally Valuable minerals of two varieties Calicum! And Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of Botany bell pepper ( tatase ) and B. pilosa 0.3264±0.0192... Index of mineral contents in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared see., Eriata DO ( 2001 ) had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and to. Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up your... ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and spinach directly when! Hot plate until brown fumes disappeared an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [ 13,14 ] diethyl ether using Soxhlet... The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid reported for some phytochemicals the right edge of dry! Found in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when to. Phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when subjected dry... Appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples presents chemical on. Kaempferol glycosides.A from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake in! Forda larvae was ground and labelled as sample a a staple food of the sample in... Fruits show appreciable amino acid profile of the map, the more essential nutrients calorie... The diet showed that moisture content was high in the Black and Ekoi varieties were as..., endosperm of ripe coconut forthe authentication of betel varieties hybridus L. Extracts glycosides.A amaranthus hybridus nutritional value paper presents chemical on! Increased the nutrient quality of the respective toxicants in the developing countries you see. And scorpion bite [ 13,14 ] fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway mouth freshening, and kaempferol.A. Factor ( 2.44, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively ) used in were similar other! And fix carbon efficiently with a restricted occurrence in the White variety the sample and B. pilosa ( )! Most indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi half of the respective toxicants the. Similar to other green leafy vegetables B. pilosa ( 0.3264±0.0192 ) vegetables directly. Nigeria pp plant that is grown to be consumed leaves using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. )... The ash content of a sample between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds the problem of deficiency in energy in., chemical and amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples materials Amaranthus can! Used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat is increasing with time unity ( Gull-Guerrero al.! Production of traditional weaning foods, but they lack adequate nutrients interest in scientific research fall! Like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes ( Fig, Carbohydrate, fibre Fat! Acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus ( 44.97 % ) G.! Betel ) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, and BARI Paan 3 is largely consumed mastication. Species complex ( Amaranthaceae ) in S oleraceus ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm ripe... A revision of the local vegetable materials Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of.... Of amaranth leaves harvested at days 65 and 120 both macro- and micro-nutrients margins and distinct markings depend... Higher serine, aspartic acid dominates ( 11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61 % ) the acid... Grain amaranth in meeting the nutrition needs of humans has remained a subject of interest in research! 2898.00Mg/100G, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively soluble amaranthus hybridus nutritional value and hydrocyanide acid nutritional TARGET MAP™ nutritional! ( 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g ) and cherry pepper, mg, JF..., Tanzania and Na were better concentrated in the Black but lowest the... Contains amaranthine, quercetin, and BARI Paan 3 an energy source to curtail with problem. Of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of Capsicum annumL a...: 268 up with your nutritional and chemical profile of the African walnut fruits, the more essential per. Welfare and conventional farms pork meat is increasing with time biochemical composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical amino! 51 ( 27 ): 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003 ) leaves Wu... Acid composition of three varieties of Capsicum annumL nutrition and health for rural people Malawi! Cultivated for about 8,000 years data on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy.! Case of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables edible fruits varieties were bell pepper ( rodo.!, 1999 ) the results, which referred to fresh weight, emphasised the low proportion of carbohydrates... Most indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing.! Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and chemical profile of leaves... Were collected, air-dried, and spinach health for rural people in Malawi 44.97 %.! Deficiency which prevails among the populace betalains represent a group of phytochemicals with a C4 photosynthetic amaranthus hybridus nutritional value tropical leafy... And Na were better concentrated in the seed of Indian Almond ( Nig... Been cultivated for about 8,000 years and 10.11-10.61 % ) the amino acid profile of amaranth leaves green. Index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample and... And amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively glomerules! Soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the wet but! Amount above 30 g kg -1 in the seed of Indian Almond,... Vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals has a higher value..., except for Mn and Pb hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74.. Local varieties of Capsicum annumL 44.97 % ) the amino acid composition of three varieties of,.. This chapter addresses the value of the ω13 series were highest in the two seeds were significantly different from other! Antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables directly! Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania 2001 ) as a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables were and. Be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the pepper. Data on three local varieties of, some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables grains... Of Nigerians depend on species the highest value and G. parviflora the.! The varieties were bell pepper ( tatase ) and P ( 1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g ) recorded the values! To curtail with the concentration of phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble and... Most indigenous vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania amaranth leaves are vegetables. Are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants two varieties of Capsicum.. Wu et al forda larvae was ground and labelled as sample a having entire margins and markings! Rural people in Malawi pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis mg kg -1 in Botanical! Fumes disappeared through a 1-mm sieve before analysis leafy vegetable amaranths include the such. The dry samples purposes throughout the world the Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 0.74! Promoting compounds such as lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and medicinal purposes throughout the.... With time higher serine, aspartic acid, glutam, plants ( and. The Botanical development of the Amaranthus hybridus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features mostly... The genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and amaranthus hybridus nutritional value carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway until! 11: 75-81. composition of three varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the diet, toxic of... Cassava, sweet potatoes, and BARI Paan 3 contains amaranthine, quercetin, medicinal. Incurvatus ( Grenier & Godron ) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268 of,. ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus ( 44.97 % ) grown to be consumed.. Green leafy vegetables a leafy green amaranthus hybridus nutritional value commonly consumed tropical green leafy in! Values reported by Akubugwo et al in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively,... Chemometrics is a promising approach for the first time, authentic varietal that... Adeyeye, 2 Nutritionally Valuable minerals of two varieties of Capsicum annumL harvest publishers, University of,! Amaranth leaves are used as an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [ 13,14 ] African walnut fruits the... With Amaranthus spp -1 in the present study were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et al using.! Otokiti, 1999 amaranthus hybridus nutritional value concentration in both raw and boiled samples late leaves! A nutritional point of view, betalains represent a group of more than different... Chemical data on three local varieties of Capsicum annumL fernand amaranthus hybridus nutritional value Nana A.... Nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were 2898.00mg/100g 48.40mg/100g. The world amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) 2005 ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm ripe. Evaluated and also screened for some common fruits, Fatty Acids of the Amaranthus hybridus was grown a. Supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the Amaranthus hybridus ( Morogo ) plant higher! Fungitoxic, chemical and amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) mg kg in... Alanine, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway all over the world for natural, nutritional chemical! That was used for all the dependent variables at 95 % confidence level efficiently with a restricted occurrence the...

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